The microenvironment influences gene expression so that the behavior of a cell is largely determined by its interactions with the extracellular matrix, neighboring cells, and soluble local and systemic cues. We describe the essential roles of context and organ structure in directing mammary gland development and differentiated function and in determining the response to oncogenic insults, including mutations. We expand on the concept of “dynamic reciprocity” to present an integrated view of development, cancer, and aging and posit that genes are like the keys on a piano: Although they are essential, it is the context that makes the music.
Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 2006;22:287-309.
Nelson CM, Bissell MJ.
The Scientist, February 22, 2018
Nature Medicine. Sept 2017; Vol 23, Nr 9: 1028-1035
Cell. 2018 Jan 11;172(1-2):373-386.
Trends Mol Med. 2017 May;23(5):393-410.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Nov 1;113(44):E6831-E6839.
Nature. 2016 Nov 24;539(7630):560-564.
Subscribe to our newsletter
Stay up-to-date on the latest advancements in 3D cell culture technology